Our final 2010 bye week got my brain churning about bye weeks in general. Has there ever been anything so consistently integral to an NFL season that nobody knew anything about? Let’s play a quick round of Q&A to prove my point.
Q: Who created the concept of a “bye”?
A: Not even Google knows. At first, I thought the NBA inadvertently created it in 1955 by giving conference champs first-round byes. But the NCAA men’s basketball tournament trumped that date: In 1953, the NCAA expanded from 16 teams to 22 teams and gave out 10 first-round byes. (Unrelated: Holy Cross made the final eight that year. I don’t have many chances in life to type the previous sentence, so I grab them when I can.) So I was prepared to go with that until I remembered something: soccer!
I researched the FA Cup (England’s oldest soccer tournament) and found that, for the first FA Cup in 1871 (the same year Al Davis was born), 15 teams entered and the Hampstead Heathens received a first-round bye. There’s very little information about the Hampstead Heathens — I couldn’t tell if they were an English team or a Scottish team, and I’m pretty sure my laptop got a virus trying to figure it out — but they were definitely the Jackie Robinson of byes. We’re not beating 1871.
Q: Why did they call it a “bye”?
A: In 1957, Wilt Chamberlain made an infamous appearance on Bob Hope’s variety show during the first day of the NCAA tournament. Wilt’s Kansas team had received a first-round bye, so when Hope asked Wilt why he wasn’t playing, Wilt said, “We’re not playing this round; they told us to go bye.” Everyone laughed and Hope said, “I guess you could call it a first-round bye!” Everyone laughed again. Then Wilt said, “Hey Bob, let’s go backstage and have sex with every female who works for your show.” The rest was history.
(Important note: I made the last paragraph up. I have no idea where the term “bye” came from and neither does anyone else, so I vote we stick with my version for now.)
Q: Couldn’t we do better than the phrase “bye week”? Has there even been a less creative phrase for something that’s said constantly?
A: No. It’s like a 2-year-old came up with it. It’s also not technically accurate: a “bye” means that you earned the right to miss a round or a game in the playoffs, but “bye weeks” are guaranteed — much like a vacation — so really, we should call them “break weeks” or “vacation weeks.” I’m partial to the television term “hiatus,” just because it’s more fun to say “The New Orleans Saints are on hiatus this week; they return next week with an all-new game!”
Q: Who decided to bring bye weeks into the NFL?
A: During the days when NFL commissioners worried only about television money and about not retroactively changing the playing rules midseason to protect the league legally from the onslaught of post-concussion lawsuits that will be dominating headlines someday, then-commissioner Paul Tagliabue used bye weeks as a bargaining chip to secure the league’s watershed $3.64 billion television deal with CBS, NBC, ABC, ESPN, TNT, MTV, HBO, Lifetime and the Playboy Channel in March 1990 (I only made four of those up). As part of the deal, the league expanded from 10 to 12 playoff teams, added a bye week for the 1990, 1991 and 1992 seasons, then stretched it to two bye weeks per team for the deal’s final year (1993). The goal could be summed up like this: Look, we’re already milking advertisers for billions with a 16-week season why not figure out MORE ways to milk them?
Q: Who were the Jackie Robinsons of the first NFL bye week?
A: The league had 28 teams in 1990; for seven straight weekends starting on Week 4, four teams went on hiatus for a week. (I’m gonna sway you on “hiatus.” You wait.) The NFC West came first: San Francisco, New Orleans, Atlanta and the Los Angeles Rams, which made sense because this was the single dumbest geographical foursome in sports division history — Atlanta is 2,100 miles away from Los Angeles and 2,400 miles away from San Francisco, and New Orleans isn’t much closer to the West — so maybe they were throwing them an early bone.
Q: What happened when they expanded to two bye weeks in 1993?
A: One word: disaster. CBS and NBC freaked out because their ratings plummeted thanks to a continually depleted Sunday slate; teams complained that they couldn’t maintain momentum when they weren’t playing enough games in a row; everyone hated losing the week off between the conference title games and the Super Bowl; and most importantly, fantasy owners couldn’t figure out who to bench/waive/pick up since we didn’t have the Internet yet.
(Follow-up to that point: This continues to amaze me. How did we do fantasy football without the Internet? I keep wanting to ask my friends, “How did you guys have a league back then?” then I remember that I was in their league, too. Looking back, I can only remember one thing: Our commish, Camp, mailing out stats after he added them up from the Monday/Tuesday USA Today, then me excitedly getting my mail on Thursdays to see if I won. Not my e-mail, my mail. Was this the 1990s or the 1890s? I can’t remember.)
The real problem: With only 28 teams and a top-heavy league, that left eight or nine Sunday afternoon games per bye week and only two or three of those games were good. We didn’t have DirecTV’s season package back then, or the Red Zone Channel, so if you were stuck with a crappy local game (or even worse, a crappy local team that wiped out the quality national game you could have been watching), your whole day was ruined. Trust me, my Patriots overachieved that season by going 5-11. (Double bye weeks) + (no DirecTV) X (crummy local team) = bitter. And that’s why double bye weeks went the way of New Coke, “Cop Rock,” Planet Hollywood, Rick Mirer and “The Pat Sajak Show.”
Q: Was there a tipping point during that 1993 season when everyone threw their hands up and said “The double byes must go immediately”?
A: Actually, there was! How did you know? The NFC East and AFC West received byes in Week 8, which meant that four of the league’s best eight teams (Dallas, Kansas City, the Giants and Raiders) were shelved, and also, CBS (who had NFC rights) lost local bumps in Dallas, Philly, Washington and New York. Of the eight Sunday afternoon games, our “marquee” AFC matchup was Buffalo (which finished 12-4) at the Jets (8-8); for the NFC, it was San Francisco (10-6) at Phoenix (7-9). A ratings calamity.
(Important note: Now that we have 32 teams, DirecTV and perpetual parity, the quality of those Sunday games wouldn’t be nearly as problematic. I’d rather see them bring back double bye weeks then stretch the season to an 18-game orgy of concussions. But that’s just me.)
Q: Since it’s our 21st season with bye weeks, that means we’ve had a 20-year gambling sample of sorts. Have any reliable trends emerged?
A: Yeah, the reliable trend is “Don’t overthink bye weeks.” From 1990 to 2009, teams coming off bye weeks were 352-314-1 straight up and 339-320-8 against the spread (home teams: 178-175-4). We love to believe that the extra week of rest/scouting/healing/rejuvenation brings the best out of teams, but there’s no hard-core evidence of it being true. With that said, three trends have emerged
• From 1990 to 2009, road favorites went 69-45 against the spread after a bye week. That scenario didn’t present itself in 2010 until this past weekend (when the Bears pushed against Buffalo and the Giants crushed Seattle) and this weekend: Tennessee giving 1½ points on the road to Chad Pennington’s Dolphins. So if you’re scoring at home, you have a chance to (A) wager on a scenario that has come through 70.5 of 116 times since 1990, and (B) wager against Chad Pennington. At the very least, it will make for an incredible story in your Gamblers Anonymous meeting three weeks from now when the Titans win by one but don’t cover and you’re telling it with casts on both hands.
• Successful coaches tend to thrive after bye weeks. Andy Reid? 12-0. Bill Belichick? Eight straight wins by an average of 15 points. Jeff Fisher? Nine of his past 12. Mike Tomlin? Four of five. Peyton Manning? Eight for nine. (Wait, he’s not Indy’s coach?) Does it make sense that well-prepared teams are more dangerous with an extra week to prepare? Of course.